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Kiddies have the same legal rights as grownups over their individual information. These generally include the straight to:

Kiddies have the same legal rights as grownups over their individual information. These generally include the straight to:

A young child may work out these liberties on the very own behalf so long as these are generally competent to do this. In Scotland, someone aged 12 or higher is assumed become of adequate maturity and age in order to work out their information security liberties. In England and Wales and Northern Ireland, competence is evaluated based upon the known amount of comprehension of the kid.

Just because youngster is just too young to know the implications of the legal rights, these are typically nevertheless their liberties, instead of other people’s such as for example a moms and dad or guardian (Suggestions Commissioners Office, 2018a).

GDPR and on line information

The conditions of GDPR assist young ones to help keep on their own safe on the web by giving them more control within the information they share.

GDPR provides kids the ‘right to erasure’. What this means is they are able to request online platforms to remove their individual information, including images, text or status updates.

If a young child has provided any product online which they no longer want one to see, they usually have a right in law to obtain this material eliminated, even when this content ended up being published by somebody else.

Apps, sites and games must inform you to users just just how and exactly why these are typically utilizing information.

Under this legislation, young ones must certanly be at the very least 13-years-old to supply permission for the information society solution (ISS) to process their individual information. Moms and dads must definitely provide permission in the event that young son or daughter is under 13 (Information Commissioner’s workplace, 2018b). An ISS is an online solution that is typically commercial and supplied on demand, for instance social media marketing platforms, apps, connected toys and devices, and the search engines (Suggestions Commissioner’s Office, 2020).

GDPR and youngster security

GDPR emphasises the necessity of asking young ones for permission before sharing private information.

If a kid is mature sufficient you ought to provide them with the chance to determine if they consent to their information that is confidential being. If a kid does not have the ability to make their very own choices, you need to ask their moms and dad or carer (unless this could put the youngster at an increased risk).

Nonetheless, when you yourself have ’t been given consent if you have a child protection concern, you must share information with the relevant agencies, even. GDPR will not impact this concept.


Kiddies and teenagers’s Commissioner Scotland (2018) in regards to the Commissioner. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Children’s Commissioner for England (2018) the kids’s Commissioner for England. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Children’s Commissioner for Wales (2018) About us. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Council of European countries (2018) European Convention on Human Rights (PDF). Strasbourg: Council of European Countries. [Accessed 21/08/2018]. (2018a) class age that is leaving 22/08/2018]. (2018b) Child employment.[Accessed 22/08/2018].

Safe practices Executive (HSE) (2018a) exactly exactly What the statutory legislation claims about young adults at the office.[Accessed 22/08/2018].

Safe practices Executive (HSE) (2018b) Work experience. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Suggestions Commissioners Office (2018a) What legal rights do kiddies have? [Accessed 20/08/2018].

Ideas Commissioner’s Office (2018b) Children therefore the GDPR [Accessed 30/01/2020]

Ideas Commissioner’s Office (2020) Age design that is appropriate a rule of practice [Accessed 30/01/2020]

Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and young adults (NICCY) (2018) The Commissioner. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Workplace associated with un tall Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (1989) Convention in the liberties for the son or daughter. Geneva OHCHR.

Scottish national (2005) Code of assistance with homelessness (PDF). Edinburgh: Scottish National.

Scottish Government (2014) nationwide guidance for kid security in Scotland (PDF). Edinburgh: Scottish National.

Further reading

For further reading about kid’s legal rights, search the NSPCC collection catalogue making use of the keyword «children’s legal rights».

If you want more information that is specific be sure to contact our Information Service.

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